Edward Hicks (1780-1849) was a Quaker minister from Pennsylvania who also worked as a sign and ornamental painter to supplement his income. However, The Peaceable Kingdom was a reoccurring vision of earthly harmony by the artist, based on the verses of Isaiah. It is estimated that Hicks created between 60 to100 interpretations (including his version at the National Gallery of Art below), most likely for the benefit of his family members and friends.
The wolf shall dwell with the lamb,
and the leopard shall lie down with
and the calf and the lion and the fatling
and a little child shall lead them.
The cow and the bear shall feed;
their young shall lie down together,
and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
The suckling child play over the
hole of the asp.
and the weaned child shall put his
hand on the adder’s den.
They shall not hurt or destroy
in all my holy mountain;
for the earth shall be full of know-
ledge of the Lord
as the waters cover the sea.*
*Source is Isaiah 11: 6-9 from The Holy Bible, Revised Standard Version, published by Thomas Nelson & Sons, New York, 1952 and 1946.
To view The Peaceable Kingdom at other art museums, click:
The above image is used solely for educational purposes.