Austrian artist Max Kurzwell (1867-1916) was a pioneer of modern art, forming the revolutionary Vienna Secession with colleague Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) in the early 20th century. Like Klimt, he also had ties with the wealthy Bauer family, commissioned to create this moving 1907 portrayal of Bettina Bauer, a niece of Adele Bloch-Bauer. Around the same time, Klimt would be finishing his internationally famed “golden” portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer seen below.
Bettina Bauer (1903-1985) would become an artist herself as well as the wife of sculptor Georg Ehrlich (1897-1966). Bauer was forced to flee Austria, when the Nazi occupied her country, moving ultimately to England where she spent the rest of her life.